The Process of Becoming an Advocate in the Netherlands

The Process of Becoming an Advocate in the Netherlands – Indonesian law cannot be separated from the law in the Netherlands, including its “professional” forms.

Becoming an advocate in Indonesia when compared to the process of becoming an advocate abroad, especially in developed countries, is quite easy.

In Indonesia, the process of becoming an Advocate is enough to have a law degree (similar legal education), take Advocate Education for a few months, pass the Advocate Professional Examination (UPA), intern 2 years at a law office/lawyer / posbakum and the like, and be appointed as an Advocate in the High Court according to the ID card address. 

In contrast to other countries in the world, including Europe in particular this time we will compare it with the land of windmills, the Netherlands. 

The long process of becoming an Advocate in the Netherlands Many commented on studying at the Faculty of Law lacking in teaching practical sciences to work as an Advocate.

Perhaps if we look at the system applied in the Netherlands today, we will have a little enlightenment, and it is undeniable that, in the future, the Indonesian Advocates Association can try to model the Dutch system in producing qualified Advocates.

In this windmill country, the requirement for study to enter the profession of Advocate is that you must take a bachelor of law (bachelor in de rechtsgeleerdheid) plus a master of law (master in de rechtsgeleerdheid).

Because now the system is bachelor-masterstelsel, so it’s not Mr. (Meester in de Rechten) again when he graduated but became LLB and LLM.

After completing the two titles above, the next stage is to become an advocate-stagiaire (apprentice advocate) in the advocatenkantoor (advocate’s office) for three years.

During the internship period, advocaat-stagiaire also undergoes beroepsopleiding (professional education) which lasts 2 years and a half which will be closed with toets (exams).

The exam will be divided into three phases, namely about ethiek (ethics), integrative dag 1 – moot court (moot court), and integrative dag 2 – praktijksimulaties (simulation of practice) which is divided in half, namely for the field of private-en bestuursrecht (civil law and state administration) is overhandling (negotiation), while for the field of strafrecht (criminal law) is getuigenverhoor (witness interrogation).

After undergoing a stage (internship) and beroepsopleiding (professional education), the intern advocate has the right to be sworn in as an advocate and change from an advocate-stagiaire to an advocate-medewerker.

Looking at this comparison with the land of Van Orange, it is fortunate that advocates in the country have not experienced a complicated and long enough process like in the Netherlands.

Indeed, at the end of the day, it is the art of arguing that an Advocate should have.

But all of that will not be honed easily if the process and how to get it are also easy. 

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